«SPE «TETRA» Ltd.
Devices of radiation and
technological control

Software-Hardware Complex «Atlant»

Radiation and environmental monitoring system
Software-Hardware Complex «Atlant»
Software complex «Atlant-Protocol»
Radiation monitor
«Dozor» MPS-02
«»
 

Purpose

Software-Hardware Complex «Atlant» (further — the Complex) is a complex of devices which allow to create the equipment sets and systems (further — the equipment set) of different structure and purpose. There have been already some the equipment sets on the base of SHC «Atlant» that are available to solve such tasks:

  • a technological control;
  • a control of the radiation situation at facilities which connect with obtainment, processing, use and disposal of radioactive materials;
  • an execution of functions of the automated radiation safety monitoring and automated radiation situation monitoring system at the radiation-hazardous facilities;
  • the researches in the scientific-research and higher educational establishments on the various accelerators and reactors;
  • to control the radiation doses of patients and staff in the health facilities.

An integration of the climate sensors and flow meters in the composition of measuring devices of SHC «Atlant» was allowed to use software-hardware complex in the animal husbandry and agriculture.

Architecture

Software and Hardware Complex has a four-level architecture — Lower, Middle, Upper and User level. A logical scheme of such system is shown at Figure 1.

A logical scheme of complex «Atlant»
Figure 1. A logical scheme of complex «Atlant»

Lower level

A lower level of complex consists of the primary measuring devices (matching devices, radiation detectors), sensors, alarm systems — OSS-02, UIM-1, consoles of lower level — USR-03, USR-04 and etc. The devices of lower level are connected by an information highway.
A full list of lower-level devices is shown below. The detailed composition and image of these devices can be found in the document Software-Hardware Complex «Atlant». Information about the consoles USR-03 and USR-04 is given in «General information about the console USR-04».

Middle level

A middle level of Complex consists of a central console which is controlled by the software «Atlant».
The following can be used as the central console:

  • a central panel unit CPU-103;
  • a central panel unit CPU-104 in the base of personal computer.

The central console is intended:

  • to poll of lower-level devices;
  • to display of measuring information and messages about the status of devices;
  • to transfer of operational information to a database server.

Note. Availability of the central console isn't compulsory. In case of absence of such device the console of lower level (USR-03 or USR-04) executes partially its functions (displaying information and polling lower-level devices)

Upper level

The servers create the upper level of the equipment set:

  • WEB-server and Internet server;
  • a database server with an installed software «Atlant-Protocol».

The software «Atlant-Protocol» provides the controlled access of authorized users to the information of a database server.

Note

  1. 1. If necessary, the hardware and software functions of upper level can be executed by the central console.
  2. 2. Operation of the upper level is possible only if there is the central console of middle level.

User level

The User Level consists of some quantity of users of individual workstations registered in the «Atlant-Protocol» and having access to the database server via the local network or the Internet.

Note. As the software of User Level can be used any Internet-browser installed on the user's PC.

Information highway of Complex

A data exchange in the information highway provides:

  • at the software level — by DiBUS protocol;
  • at hardware level — by RS-422 (RS-485) with using of the cable communication lines.


Figure 2. Branching of IH by means of a junction box

IH connects in the central console and lower-level devices in the unified system. The following technical solutions are used for branching IH, connecting remote devices to the system:

  • branching of IH with using of the junction boxes (-1, -2, -2-6) (Figure 2). Outputs of IH can optionally be used to branch of IH, or connect of lower-level devices;
  • elongation of IH at the distance more 1200 m with using of a network translator (-01) (Figure 3);

    Figure 3. Elongation of IH at the distance more 1200 m
  • multiple elongation of IH (Figure 4);

    Figure 4. Multiple elongation of IH
  • the data transfer by a radio channel (Figure 5);

    Figure 5. Using of radio channel in IH
  • the data transfer by other environment or exchange protocols (local network Ethernet by metal cables, fiber optics, a network of mobile operators using by GSM modems.

Lower-level devices

Figure 6 shows a diagram of the equipment set «Atlant» with the image of its most commonly used elements.
The numbers in Figure 6 are indicated:

  1. The information highway which has been created in accordance with the above description, containing in all possible variants of the branching, translators, radio modems ...;
  2. A detecting device UDVG-100 with an optional the alarm device BS-03. Two highly sensitive gamma radiation detectors are connected to the matching unit BS-17. The main aim of application is a control of unauthorized movement of sources of radioactive radiation. One unit on each side is installed at pedestrian checkpoints;
  3. A detecting device UDPS-100. There is available to add the alarm device BS-03. The main aim of application is a control of unauthorized movement of sources of radioactive radiation. One unit on each side is installed at transport checkpoints;
  4. A detecting device UDMG-100. There is available to connect an optional light and audible alarm OSS-01. The main aim of application of this detecting device is a part of gamma radiation monitoring systems;
  5. The various detecting devices, similar UDMG-100, allow to register neutron, gamma, x-ray, beta radiation; smart radiation detectors of the 200th series (without the possibility of optional connection of additional devices);
  6. There is the possibility to use intelligent devices of other developers by adaptation of protocols in the matching unit of protocols (BSP-xx);
  7. There is the possibility to connect a dosimeter DKG-01D «Garant». This dosimeter can be used as a point of continuous monitoring, periodic control, and also outside the equipment set as a portable dosimeter;
  8. There is the possibility to connect a dosimeter MKS-08 with any of its radiation detectors by a trunk adapter. MKS-08 can be used as a point of continuous monitoring, periodic control, and also outside the equipment set as a portable dosimeter;
  9. There is the possibility to add the functionally completed subsystems of the lower level united by the console USR-03 (USR-04). One of such variants for such subsystem — MPS-02 «Dozor» is available to control unauthorized movement of sources of ionizing radiation at the railway stations, automobile and pedestrian control points;
  10. There is a possibility to include subsystems of optional composition and purpose:
  • a radiation monitoring of the area;
  • a technological system for monitoring the density of various environment;
  • a level control system for various media in tanks;
  • a climate control...
  1. A detecting device UDPS-100 with an optional the alarm device BS-03, the actuators of executive mechanisms, a proximity switch. The main aim of application is a control of unauthorized movement of sources of radioactive radiation. It is installed at the transport checkpoints;
  2. The detecting device UDVG-100. The main aim of application is a control of unauthorized movement of sources of radioactive radiation. It is installed at the pedestrian checkpoints;
  3. There is a possibility to use UDPS-100 without the additional alarm devices and proximity switch;
  4. There is a possibility to use UDVG-100 without the additional alarm devices and proximity switch;
  5. The separate detecting devices;
  6. The smart radiation detectors.


Figure 6.  The equipment set «Atlant»

Table 1 contains a list of components SHC «Atlant» lower level.

Table 1 . List of components SHC «Atlant» lower level

Device

Application

Features

Central console

Central panel unit CPU-103

Storage, processing and display of data

Based on the panel PC

Central panel unit CPU-104

Storage, processing and display of data

Based on PC

Console USR-03

Processing and display of data

Console USR-04

Processing and display of data

Software

Software «Atlant-Monitor»

Provide of the operation of the the equipment set, transferring data about the operation of the the equipment set to the database server

Based on the panel PC for CPU-103 or a stationery PC for CPU-104

Software «Atlant-Protocol»

Authorized user access to the data about the equipment set operation

At the database server

Software «TETRA_Checker»

Entering coefficients, setting individual intelligent devices of the the equipment set

On the central console or technological console for setting

Independent means of measurement equipment are included in the complex «Atlant»

Functionally finished devices:

Dosimeter-radiometer MKS-08 with console UIK-05, UIK-05-01, UIK-06

Measurement of parameters of fields and sources of ionizing radiation with detectors from the delivery set

Operation one of the radiation detectors with a console from the delivery set

Radiation monitor MPS-02 «Dozor»

To control of unauthorized transportation (carrying) of ionizing radiation sources. To control of the dose rate of gamma and neutron radiation

Radiometer RZBA-100

The radiometer is designed to control the radioactive contamination on the surfaces of the palms

Radiometer RAS-01-

Measurement of instantaneous values of aerosol volumetric activity caused by technogenic alpha and beta emitting nuclides

Radiometer RGG-03-

Measurement of volumetric activity of gamma-emitting iodine radionuclides 131I, 132I, 133I, 135I

Radioisotope density meter
PRIZ-T

Measurement of density of different environment

Smart radiation detectors

Radiation detector BDBG-200

Measurement of dose rate of gamma radiation

Available in various modifications, depending on the type of connector and housing design

Radiation detector BDMG-200

Measurement of dose rate of gamma radiation

Radiation detector BDKN-200

Measurement of dose rate and flux density of neutron radiation

Moderator 30 mm, counter 3He

Detecting devices

UDBG-100

Measurement of gamma dose rate
and beta flux density

Range from 0,1 µSv/h  1,0 Sv/h
(from 10 to 3·104 min-1·cm-2)

UDMN-100

Measurement of neutron dose rate

Range from 0,1 µSv/h to 0,1 Sv/h

UDKN-100

Measurement of dose rate and flux density of neutron radiation

Range from 0,1 to 104 neutron·min-1·cm-2

UDMG-100

Measurement of gamma dose rate

Range from 0,1 µSv/h to 10 Sv/h

UDKS-100

Measurement of the dose rate of gamma and X-ray radiation, including pulsed

Range from 0,1 µSv/h to 1,0 Sv/h

UDKG-100

Measurement of exposure dose rate or gamma radiation flux, or rock and liquid activity

Range from 5 to 1 ·104 µR/h

UDZHG-100

Measurement of the volumetric activity of gamma-emitting radionuclides in a liquid

Range from 2·103 to 2·106 Bq/m3
(from 5·10-11 to 5 ·10-8 Ci/l)

UDVG-100

Monitoring changes in the radiation environment

Sensitivity by 137Cs 3000 cps/µSv·h-1

UDPS-100

Monitoring changes in the radiation environment

Sensitivity by 137Cs 15000 cps/µSv·h-1

UDPA-100

Measurement of alpha contamination with gamma compensation

Range from 0,1 to 3·106 min-1·cm-2

UDPB-100

Measurement of beta contamination with gamma compensation

Range from 10 to 3·104 min-1·cm-2

Others

BS-03

Alarm and control unit for external devices

Alarm, Dry Contact

BP-06

A power supply unit for the devices included in the UDKS-200

BP-06-01

A power supply unit for a modem — a base radio channel «Spectr»

Destination up to 6 km

BP-06-02

A power supply unit for a modem — a peripheral radio channel «Spectr»

Destination up to 6 km

BP-06-03

A power supply unit for a base radio station of a radio channel

Destination up to 30 km

BP-06-04

A power supply unit for a peripheral radio station of a radio channel

Destination up to 30 km

BP-06-05

A power supply unit for a GSM-modem

For operation in the mobile network

BP-07

A power supply unit for feeding the main UDKS-200
and power supply of the local control point

-1

A junction box for wiring the line on 4 entrances

A wire diameter above (8-13) mm

-2

A junction box for wiring the line on 4 entrances

A wire diameter up to 8 mm

-2-6

A junction box for wiring the line on 6 entrances

A wire diameter up to 8 mm

S-01

A network translator for a line reinforcement

Destination 1200 m

BSP-01

Matching unit of protocols

AMD-01

A trunk adapter for MKS-08

PNT-3

Technological setting console

Setting of the equipment sets

PNT-1

Setting and checking console on the base of PC

Setting of the equipment sets and its parts

PI-02

Protocol converter

Setting up the components of the the equipment set

Radio modem

Operation by a radio channel at a distance of up to 6 km

Type «Spectr 433 IP65» Range 533 MHz

PR-1

Converter RS↔Ethernet

Type «MOXA NPort»

OSS-01

Three-color light and sound alarm for dosimeter-radiometer MKS-08 with console UIK-07

OSS-02

Three-color light and sound alarm which generates the summary information about the status of a group of devices. It can be installed anywhere on the trunk

UIM-1

LED board 96x8, which allows you to display information about the dose rate at the control point, current date and time, air temperature

PPI-103

Display information anywhere on the trunk

DNO-01-

A proximity switch

-determined by the order card

Design of the the equipment sets

Possible types of lower-level devices

Almost all measuring devices produced by SPE «TETRA» Ltd can be used as the lower-level devices:

  • which measure the characterises of radiation fields;
  • which control movement and detection of sources of ionizing radiation;
  • radioisotope density meters, level gauges, gamma relays.

The equipment set may include devices that use information from standard sensors:

  • climate control — temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed and direction;
  • flowmeters.

The use of various matching devices makes it possible to include measuring devices of third-party organizations in the equipment sets «tlant».

The equipment set options

Hardware consolidation of upper-level servers is acceptable in case of small the equipment sets (with no more than fifty lower-level devices).
A smaller number of serviceable devices of the equipment set allows the hardware integration of the central control unit with the servers of the upper level.
The simplest the equipment sets may consist of only lower and middle level devices.

Integration of the equipment set «tlant» into existing systems

The equipment set «tlant» is easily configured to work with the database server of an already existing «foreign» system.
With a given frequency and reference to a single system time, the central control panel generates informational messages received by relational DBMS (such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, InterBase, Firebird, MSSQL, SQLite ...)
Thus, it is possible to access the «foreign» system to the data of the equipment set «tlant».

Construction of own the equipment sets based on lower-level devices of SHC «tlant»

Our company provides information support to consumers and customers who intend to create their own systems and the equipment sets using the devices of the SHC «tlant».
The site contains the following documents containing comprehensive information for the developer:

Integration of devices of other developers into SHC «tlant»

A well-established method of introducing «foreign» intelligent devices into the SHC «tlant» software and hardware complex is the manufacture of an auxiliary intermediate device called a matching unit of protocols (BSP-xx, where xx — the execution number).